To understand how to choose a heater for a summer cottage, you first need to determine whether the summer cottage will be used for permanent or long-term residence, and how large the area of the room is. Since, for example, the stove will heat the whole house well, but it should not be left unattended for a long time due to the risk of fire. Or a compact portable fan heater that will quickly heat a small utility room, but will not cope with heating a large room in a harsh winter.
Types of heaters
Heating systems that are installed in suburban areas are, as a rule, ordinary fireplaces and stoves. But if it is not possible to constantly monitor the operation of such heaters and the country house is not used as a permanent place of residence, such devices are not safe. What kind of heater to buy in the country, if it is rarely visited? It is worth considering options such as:
- fan heaters;
- Heat guns;
- Gas or electric convector;
- Electric fireplaces.
Such a device consists of several flat sections filled with mineral oil, resembling a battery in appearance. Inside the device there is a heating element, which heats the oil, thus, the room is heated. Oil heaters come in the form of a solid panel, however, its only advantage is the aesthetic appearance, it produces heating of the room less efficiently.
The advantages of the device are its energy efficiency and affordable price. And also most of the models are equipped with an emergency shutdown function in case of a fall. Despite the fact that it takes a long time to fully warm up the room, the heat will not leave for a long time even after the device is turned off. The main disadvantage of an oil heater is that it heats up to 90 degrees, and it is not safe to keep it in a house where animals or children live.
Compact in appearance, the device works by supplying air through a fan. It has a heating element (spiral) through which cold air passes, thereby heating the room. Of its advantages, a small size stands out, and the speed of heating the room. But the cons are more significant:
- high power consumption;
- “burns” oxygen, dries out and pollutes the air in the room;
- not suitable for heating large rooms;
- noisy fan operation;
- after prolonged use, an unpleasant burning smell appears.
Such a heater is good to use for short-term heating of small rooms.
The principle of operation is similar to that of a fan heater, but it is more bulky and is able to heat a large room. It is used to heat large spaces such as construction sites or showrooms. Not recommended for home use as the air flow is hotter than that of a fan heater and is not safe to be around. It has the same advantages and disadvantages as a fan heater.
Gas and electric convectors
Gas convectors run on propane-butane, which you need to bring yourself in cylinders if the country house is not connected to the gas pipeline. The principle of operation is the absorption of cold air by the convector and the release of it already hot. The main advantage of a gas convector is its ability to work even when the electricity is turned off. The disadvantage is that this heater needs to additionally make an exit to the street to remove combustion products and, due to the fire hazard, it cannot be left unattended for a long time.
An electric convector works on the same principle, only the energy source is not gas, but electricity. It is the most popular choice among buyers, as it is economical, compact and warms up the room well. An electric convector is safer than a gas convector, provided that the house has good wiring.
This heater, unlike others, does not heat the air itself. It releases infrared waves that heat the surface it collides with, such as furniture, floors or walls. And the heated surfaces are already transferring heat into the air, warming up the room. Infrared heaters are divided into three types:
- shortwave (heating element temperature up to 800 degrees);
- medium wave (temperature up to 600 degrees);
- longwave (up to 300 degrees).
In turn, shortwave are divided into:
- carbon fiber (heating element-carbon fiber);
- halogen (tungsten or carbon fiber spiral);
- quartz (sand spiral).
Plus in favor of an infrared heater is the ability to put it on the street in the gazebo, or on the balcony. And also it works silently, consumes little energy and quickly heats up the room. It can be placed on the wall, ceiling or floor. The downside of the heater is that short-wave models burn oxygen during prolonged use, and prolonged exposure to the device’s operating area will lead to poor health and dry skin.
This is a new type of heaters relative to their relatives. First of all, it is good that it can be left unattended, and even left on for a long time, since its heating elements are completely isolated. Heating is performed by a monolithic slab, which is made of quartz sand. It is compact in size and works silently, but it is not easy to find it on sale.
The advantage of an electric fireplace over a real one is that it does not need firewood and an outlet for smoke to the street. Otherwise, it completely imitates the appearance and properties of a real fireplace – the fire cannot be distinguished from the real one and the room will warm up just as efficiently. Electric fireplaces have a wide variety of designs, you can install in any corner of the house. The only drawback is that the electric fireplace is the most expensive type of heaters presented in the article.
This issue should not be resolved relying on a good or bad review, since a certain heater may be good, for example, for a small room, but it will not be able to warm up a large room. When choosing, in addition to the size of the room, you need to take into account the material of the floors and walls in the room that is planned to be heated. You also need to pay attention to the quality of windows to prevent heat loss. And most importantly, how often the heater will work, and how long it will remain unattended.
When choosing a heating device, a formula will help that approximately calculates the power required for acceptable space heating – 1 kW of energy is spent for every 10 m2.
For houses in which animals and children live, it is recommended to install infrared heaters or electric convectors – their body does not heat up too much. For the street, a fan heater or infrared heater is suitable. In conclusion, it is worth noting that it is recommended to choose a heater with the help of a specialist.