In order for the dishwasher to work as efficiently as possible, you need to correctly load all items into the compartment, taking into account which dishes should be placed in the upper basket and which in the lower one. Consider the basic rules for preparing the dishwasher for work and directly the instructions for loading.

Preliminary preparation for loading

Before loading dishes into the dishwasher, it is necessary to prepare both the device itself and all the items that will be loaded into it.

Loading dishes in the dishwasher

How to prepare dishes?

If we talk specifically about preparing dishes for loading, then the following rules will be relevant for it:

  • Any leftover food that remains on the dishes must be carefully swept into the urn with a sponge, rubber spatula, or other mild product. Do not use forks, knives or other hard objects as they may damage the finish.
  • If dried food remains remain on the surface of the plates, they must also be removed first, because not every machine will be able to ensure their effective cleaning.
  • If the dishes are collapsible, that is, they consist of several components, then they must be loaded separately, because otherwise the pressure of water can deform the landing joints or even break them.

If you need to arrange a lot of dishes, you first need to sort the same type of items — plates, cups, glasses, cutlery, etc.

How to prepare the car?

After all the kitchen utensils are prepared for loading, you can start preparing the dishwasher itself:

  • Find out in the instructions for the dishwasher what types of dirt it can handle. As a rule, difficulties arise when washing dishes from the remnants of protein foods, cooked and baked dishes. If you want to wash dishes from dirt that your model is difficult to cope with, you should first wash it by hand.
  • The design of the device contains filters that must be checked before loading and, if necessary, changed. The most important of them is on the tube that is connected to the water supply. If this filter is clogged, then there may be problems with the fluid supply, and, accordingly, the quality of the wash.

dishwasher filter

  • It is important to make sure that all hoses are firmly attached to the mounting holes. If the dishwasher has not been used for a long time, then it is better to “drive” it to idle before loading the dishes. This will clean the pipes, which could have retained water and eventually acquire an unpleasant odor.

Instructions on how to load dishes in the dishwasher

Despite the fact that all dishwashers have a slightly different internal design, you can give a general instruction on how to correctly place various elements in the dishwasher:

  • Plates. It should be placed at the bottom of the loading bay facing the center, and also slightly tilted. This is due to the fact that in most machines the nozzles spray from the center to the edges. In no case should the products come into contact, because this will block the free circulation of water and reduce the quality of washing.

Placement of dishes in the dishwasher

  • Deep containers including cups. Small but deep containers should be placed on top of the loading bay upside down or at a steep angle. This will allow the jet to wash out dirt more efficiently, and the water to flow out unhindered.

Placement of deep dishes in the dishwasher

  • Glasses. On the top box there is a folding plastic section with cells where you need to place glasses. Such departments are specially designed to hold the legs of the glasses, protecting the dishes from scratches and cracks.

Wash glasses in the dishwasher

  • Plastic. All plastic utensils must be placed away from the heating element with the inside down. That is, if it is on top, then it is better to put the plastic down, and if it is from the bottom, put it up. This will minimize the temperature effect on them, eliminating deformation and melting.

Wash plastic dishes in the dishwasher

  • Pots, pans, stewpans. These elements are best placed at the bottom upside down or at a steep slope.
  • Cutlery. They can only be installed in special trays that are provided in the sections. All of them should be laid down with their handles so that none of them come into contact with the other. Large appliances will block water sprinklers, nozzles and nozzles, so they are best placed in a horizontal position in the top box.

Washing cutlery

  • Cutting boards and trays. They should be placed in trays designed for plates. Experience shows that wooden products, in particular cutting boards, are best washed by hand. Firstly, the texture of the wood itself contributes to a stronger absorption of food residues into the surface, and secondly, the material can crack under the high temperature of the cleansing waters.

After the dishes are loaded, check that no object is blocking the detergent container. If it is blocked, you can forget about high-quality washing.

It is worth considering that in some models of dishwashers, replaceable sections of various configurations are provided. Thanks to this, you can adapt the washing compartment to the type of dishes you load.

Dishwasher Loading Tips

There are some basic tips for loading the dishwasher that will allow you to maintain the quality of the sink, as well as the performance of the device:

  • If the design of the device does not assume the presence of upper nozzles, then all elements of the dishes must be positioned so that they do not interfere with the free flow of water down.
  • Do not load dishes with a height higher than the height of the bottom rack into the dishwasher, as it will make it difficult to open the machine door after the end of the wash cycle.
  • If there are too many dishes, it is better to wash them in stages, loading the same type of items. Excessive loading can not only impair the quality of work, but also reduce the washing efficiency.

Loading the dishwasher

  • When there are not a lot of dishes, try to place them closer to the center, because some dishwashers have only one rocker, which often cannot cope with the entire volume of the compartment with the same quality.
  • Fragile products are best placed away from each other, because the vibration and vibrations that occur when exposed to a water jet can damage them.
  • Conventional kitchen mixtures that are used for hand washing should never be used in a dishwasher. This negatively affects its performance and can disable it. So, you should choose special tablets, gels and liquids for the dishwasher, rinses, degreaser.
  • 2-3 times a year, when loading, special anti-scale agents should be added to the washing components. They will allow you to clean the surface of the dishwasher parts from deposits that form during operation.
In any case, you should read the instructions for the dishwasher, which is attached by the manufacturer. It indicates what types of dishes can be washed in your model, gives recommendations on its location in the compartments, etc. You can also read the tips in our article.

Video: How to load dishes in the dishwasher?

In which box should large items be placed? In which compartment is it better to arrange pots and plates, and in which — glasses and cups? You will find answers to these questions in the following video:

As noted above, each dishwasher model has its own loading nuances. For example, in the following video you will learn how to properly load the Candy aggregate:

Proper loading and preparation of the dishwasher is the key to high-quality and efficient washing. Do not neglect these aspects, because otherwise your device will not be as productive as possible, and then the dishes will have to be washed manually. We also recommend that you familiarize yourself with the rules for caring for a dishwasher.

Viktor Datsky

Consultant in the field of household appliances. I help guests of the SovetExpert.ru project to choose the right product and save money when buying. I have an unbiased opinion. Ready for dialogue.


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